The word “yoga” is applied in a variety of forms and practices including Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist. In Hinduism, these practices include Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Laya Yoga, and Hatha Yoga.
- Pantajali’s Yoga Sutras, are the oldest known collection of yoga texts, including Raja Yoga or Ashtanga Yoga, (eight steps to achieve Samadhi). The ultimate goal of yoga practice is to attain samadhi or to attain one with the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Patanjali argues that one can achieve this highest connection by removing ‘vruttis’ or various mental changes. In turn, the mind can be controlled by proper discipline and discipline. Yoga-Sutra of Patanjali includes:
- Relationship barriers or lifestyles. They include Ahimsa (non-violent), Satya (true) Asteya (not stealing), Brahmacharya (unmarried, faithful to spouse), and Aparigraha (unmarried) property).
- They include personal rituals – Sauca (mindfulness, speech, and body), Santosha (satisfaction), Tapas (stability). Svadhyaya (personal study, meditation, Vedas study) and Ishvara-Pranidhana (meditation of God / Supreme Personality of Godhead)
- Means “chair” and in Patanjali, sutras refer to the tail seat used for meditation.
- The principle of breathing is known as Pranayama, which consists of the words “Prana,” which means “breath,” and “Yama,” which means “holding” or “stopping.”
- Meditation is supported by the removal of meaning.
- to concentrate
- Defining the human body for happiness.
In addition, Patanjali has discovered some of the barriers to doing yoga. He split them up into two groups:
- 1. Antarayas (yoga attackers)
- 2. Viksepasahabhuvah (living in distraction)
There are 9 Antarctica:
1. Vyadhi (physical illness) – If the body is diseased, it can be treated and restored to a healthy state. The disease causes mental retardation and makes it difficult to do yoga or any other form of physical training.
2. Styana (mental-laziness) – A person’s desire to attain the fruit of practice without any effort does not support mental health. Great care must be taken to eradicate this disease.
3. Samshaya (doubt) – Faith is the only solution to dispel all doubts that arise.
4. Pramada (unconsciousness) – If one does not know how to develop good habits, Yoga cannot do it.
5. Alasya – Physical activity helps to overcome this laziness
6. Avirati (detachment) – The mind and resources must be concentrated to achieve Yoga
7. Bhrantidarsana (misperception) – leads to the emptiness that needs to be removed.
8. Alabdhab– bhumikatva (non-yogic state) – Recognizing bad habits in our behavior and expelling them will eventually help.
9. Anavasthitatva (departing from the yogic state acquired)
There is Viksepasahabhuvah 4
1. Dukha – grief, and anguish affect the human spirit.
2. Daurmanasya – disappointment due to lack of fulfillment of desires and aspirations.
3. Angamejayatva – relaxation of the limbs due to mental instability.
4. Shvasa and prashvasa – forcing and breathing. Breathing control or balance and breathing create a calming effect on the mind. Patanjali said that these obstacles can be overcome through meditation and devotion to God; that will open the way for self-identification.
- Yoga Vashishta believes that the Vedic sage Vashishta revealed to his royal disciple Lord Rama, believing it to be the return of Lord Vishnu. Yoga Vashishta includes 32,000 slokas. In this scripture, the Vashishta explains the teachings of the Vedanta in the form of a story to Lord Rama. He teaches him about the subtleties of the world, teaches him the best way to acquire wisdom and happiness, and thus shows him the way to the highest spirit. Kundalini Yoga (Laya Yoga):
- This form of yoga was first introduced in the Yoga-Kundalini Upanishad in the first half of the 17th century. Kundalini yoga is the yoga of consciousness. Kundalini is the primal energy or Shakti, which sleeps and accumulates under the spine like a snake. It is the power of consciousness and consciousness in all human forms.
- Kundalini yoga is said to awaken the sleeping Kundalini Shakti from its position gathered in the lower back by a series of 6 chakras, then enter the seventh chakra or crown. It is said that the purpose of this form of yoga through kriyas practice and meditation on sadhana is the practical technology of human consciousness to reach the highest natural potential. Practicing this Kundalini Yoga regularly leads to liberation from Karma and the realization of one’s purpose in life (Dharma).
- The main idea of Nada Yoga is that the universe and all its inhabitants are the sounds or nadas (Sanskrit, “nad” means sound). ‘Nada’ coincides with the sound ‘Om’, which is the first kind of power. Nada yoga involves a form of exercise that calls for a personal connection with God, through sound or music. The Yoga Sound Method divides sound or music into two parts: internal, intermittent, and external sounds, names.
- In nada yoga, the person focuses on nada “relaxing” or the inner sound. The main focus should be on the sound produced within the human body and not on external noise. The seeker experiences a feeling of calm, which gives the ability to reconnect with the soul or ‘atman’. Nada yoga helps us dive into all the sounds, eventually immersing ourselves in the “Om” sky sound.
- Patanjali Yoga Sutras states that the mantra ‘Om’ is “a sound that reflects the Supreme Personality of Godhead, which should be sung repeatedly as one understands its meaning.”
Types of yoga:
- Jnana (wisdom or knowledge) is the hardest way to get into yoga and requires a great deal of mental and intellectual energy. The main purpose of this type of yoga is to free oneself from the deceptive world of the Maya (thoughts and ideas) and attain the inner self (Atman) and the oneness of all life (Brahman). This is achieved by continually practicing the thought process of self-denial, meditation, and comprehension listed in sadhana chatushtaya (four pillars of knowledge).
- These four pillars are the steps towards independence. Continuing to practice these techniques will develop spiritual understanding, understanding and reduce suffering and dissatisfaction in life. Step 4 is:
- Viveka (understanding, discrimination) – a conscious intellectual effort to distinguish between the permanent and the temporary and the personal and non-personal.
- Vairagya (detachment) – Mindfulness and material things must be taken to achieve Yoga
- Shatsampat (six virtues) – the six mental states of calmness, restraint, forgiveness, endurance, trust, and concentration to strengthen the mind and emotions.
- Mumukshutva (desire) – a strong desire for freedom from suffering.
It is also important to cultivate humility and empathy in a way that reflects self-awareness.
- Bhakti (dedication or love) Yoga is one of the four basic methods for gaining understanding. This form of yoga strives to bind bhakta (aspirator) with God. Bhakti Yoga is regarded as the most straightforward way to attain unity of mind, body, and spirit. Bhakti Yoga requires only an open and loving heart, while Hatha Yoga requires a strong and flexible body, Raja Yoga requires a disciplined and focused spirit, and Jnana Yoga requires sharp intellect. Bhakti Yoga perfectly complements other yoga practices, and jnana (knowledge or wisdom) is said to appear as you immerse yourself in the rituals of Bhakti Yoga.
- Hatha (Ha-sun; the-moon) yoga refers to the balance between man – work, light, sun – and woman – acceptance, calm, moon – part with each of us. It paves the way for the balance and unification of the opposition forces. He strives for the connection of the mind and body through the system of asanas (stop) and pranayama (breathing exercises) as described in ancient Hindu texts. These actions aid Kundalini and allow the wrong thing to happen. It is a very beautiful yoga type and the western world.
- By doing Hatha Yoga, we develop the balance of power and physical changes. In addition, we learn to control our minds by supporting our efforts to set us up. Hatha Yoga is the way to achieve personal changes. We learn the science of controlling our energy which helps us to control the movement of our mind.