Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus. Monkeypox virus belongs to the same family of viruses as the variola virus, the virus responsible for smallpox. Symptoms of monkeypox are similar to those of smallpox but are mild, and monkeypox is rarely fatal. Monkeypox is not related to chickenpox.
Monkeypox was discovered in 1958 after two outbreaks of smallpox-like disease occurred in monkey research colonies. Although it is called “monkey chickenpox”, the origin of this disease is still unknown. However, African rodents and non-human primates (such as monkeys) can carry the virus and infect humans.
The first human case of monkeypox was recorded in 1970. Before the 2022 epidemic, monkeypox was reported in many Central and West African countries. Previously, nearly all cases of monkeypox in people outside of Africa were linked to international travel to countries where the disease was more common or through imported animals. These cases have occurred on multiple continents.
Signs and symptoms
Symptoms of monkeypox include:
- the heat
- Muscle and back pain
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Respiratory symptoms (sore throat, stuffy nose, cough, etc.)
- The rash can appear on or near the genitals (penis, testicles, labia, vagina) or anus (ours), but it can also occur on other areas such as the hands, feet, chest, face, or mouth. temper nature.
- The rash goes through several stages, including crusting, before it heals.
The rash looks like a pimple or pimple and can be painful and itchy.
All or only some of the symptoms may occur
- The rash may appear first, followed by other symptoms. Others just have a rash.
- Most people infected with a monkey’s head develop a rash.
- Some people develop a rash before (or without) other symptoms.
- Symptoms of chickenpox in monkeys usually begin within 3 weeks of exposure to the virus. People with flu-like
- symptoms usually develop a rash after 1-4 days. Monkeypox can be contagious after symptoms appear and until the rash heals, all crusts off, and a new layer of skin forms. The disease usually lasts 2 to 4 weeks.
Monkey head is spread by various routes.
- Monkeypox is close and personal and can often spread to anyone through skin-to-skin contact.
- Coffee bean rashes, scabs, or direct contact with the bodily fluids of the coffee bean patient.
- Monkey Touch objects, fabrics (clothes, sheets, towels), and surfaces used by both patients. o Touching respiratory secretions.
- This direct contact can occur during intimate contact, including:
- Oral, anal, and vaginal sex, or touching the genitals (penis, testicles, labia, vagina) or anus (anus) of a person with monkeypox.
- Hugs, massages, and kisses.
- Prolonged personal contact.
- Touching clothing and objects during sex that have not been disinfected by a person with monkeypox, such as bed linen, towels, fetishes, and sex toys.
- A pregnant person can transmit the virus to the fetus via the placenta.
- Humans can also contract monkeypox from infected animals, either by being scratched or bitten by the animal or by cooking or eating the meat or products of an infected animal.
- A person with monkeypox can transmit it to others from the onset of symptoms until the rash has completely healed and a new layer of skin has formed. This illness usually lasts 2-4 weeks.
Scientists are still researching:
- If a person has no symptoms, the virus can spread
- How often monkeypox is spread through respiratory secretions or when someone with monkeypox symptoms is more likely to spread the virus through respiratory secretions?
- Whether monkeypox can be transmitted through semen, vaginal fluid, urine, or feces.
Preventing the spread of monkeypox
- Safe Sex, Social Dating & Monkeys
- Learn how to make informed decisions in rooms or situations where Monkey-Doo may be infested.
There is no specific treatment for monkeypox virus infection. However, monkeypox and smallpox viruses are genetically similar, so antiviral drugs and vaccines designed to protect against smallpox can be used to prevent and treat monkeypox virus infection.
Antiviral drugs, such as Tecovirimat (TPOXX), may be recommended for people who are more likely to have serious illnesses, such as B. Patients with weakened immune systems. If you have symptoms of monkeypox, tell your doctor, even if you don’t think you’ve been in contact with someone who has monkeypox.